Emerson Wickwire, PhD, and colleagues conducted a review of literature on shift work and mental health from 2016 to mid-2019 (N=23 articles total), reports Psychiatry Advisor.
“Shift workers are faced with an unfair choice: get the sleep and rest I need or spend time with family and friends,” Dr Wickwire noted. Resilience in the face of challenging work and sleep schedules can rely on a concept known as chronotype. Dr Wickwire told Psychiatry Advisor: “Each of us has an innate circadian tendency, called a chronotype, which refers to the body’s natural internal rhythm. Chronotype is driven [in part] by genetics, and [in party] by modifiable factors such as environment and behavior. Relative to morning types, evening types have an easier time adjusting to shift work.”