Sleep disorders (SD) are highly prevalent in pediatric patients with migraine and are often associated with a higher headache severity and lower response to acute therapy, according to results of a questionnaire-based study.

However, findings, published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine, also show that these disorders often remain undiagnosed, although improving sleep quality may reduce migraine intensity and disability and vice versa, authors wrote.

Around a quarter of children will experience a sleep problem at some point prior to adulthood, and this rate increases if an individual has a comorbid medical, psychiatric, neurodevelopmental, or neurologic condition. “Among neurologic disturbances, migraine has a strong and complex relationship with SD, although the precise nature of this association is still enigmatic,” researchers explained.

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