It is the position of the AASM that the United States should eliminate seasonal time changes in favor of permanent standard time, which aligns best with human circadian biology, according to the AASM. Evidence supports the distinct benefits of standard time for health and safety, while also underscoring the potential harms that result from seasonal time changes to and from daylight saving time, according to the statement.
“By causing the human body clock to be misaligned with the natural environment, daylight saving time increases risks to our physical health, mental well-being, and public safety,” says lead author M. Adeel Rishi, MD, chair of the AASM Public Safety Committee and a pulmonary, sleep medicine, and critical care specialist at Indiana University Health in Indianapolis, in a release. “Permanent standard time is the optimal choice for health and safety.”
The position statement was published as an accepted paper Oct 31 in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, the official publication of the AASM.
The original position statement published by the AASM in 2020 stated that current evidence best supports the adoption of year-round standard time. Based on a growing body of evidence, the updated position statement emphasizes that daylight saving time should be replaced by permanent standard time. This position is supported by similar statements adopted by other organizations including the Society for Research on Biological Rhythms, National Sleep Foundation, Sleep Research Society, and American Medical Association.
“Permanent standard time helps synchronize the body clock with the rising and setting of the sun,” says James A. Rowley, MD, president of the AASM, in a release. “This natural synchrony is optimal for healthy sleep, and sleep is essential for health, mood, performance, and safety.”
The position statement was developed by the AASM Public Safety Committee and based on a review of existing literature. It was approved by the AASM board of directors and endorsed by 20 medical, scientific, and advocacy organizations:
- American Academy of Cardiovascular Sleep Medicine
- American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine
- American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
- American Association of Sleep Technologists
- American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST)
- American College of Lifestyle Medicine
- American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery
- American Thoracic Society
- Dakota Sleep Society
- Michigan Academy of Sleep Medicine
- Montana Sleep Society
- National PTA
- National Safety Council
- National Sleep Foundation
- Sleep Research Society
- Society for Research on Biological Rhythms
- Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine
- Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine
- Southern Sleep Society
- World Sleep Society
Most of the US will return to standard time when daylight saving time ends Sunday, Nov 5.