A Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of periodic snoring sound recorded at home to help diagnose obstructive sleep apnea.
We included 211 subjects, aged 18–83 (130 men), who were referred to our laboratory for suspicion of OSA, and had a technically successful overnight polygraphy, measured with the Nox T3 Sleep Monitor (Nox Medical, Iceland) with a built-in microphone. We analyzed the percentage of periodic snoring during the home sleep apnea study.
Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ranged from 0.1 to 116 events/h and the percentage of periodic snoring from 1% to 97%. We found a strong positive correlation (r = 0.727, p < 0.001) between periodic snoring and AHI. The correlation was slightly stronger among female, younger, and obese subjects. The best threshold value of the periodic snoring for predicting an AHI > 15 events/h with as high sensitivity as possible was found to be 15%. There, sensitivity was 93.3%, specificity 35.1%, and negative predictive value 75.0%.