For Duke University School of Medicine’s third and final “Neurology and Women’s Health” interview for 2019, Andrew Spector, MD, talks about how insomnia, sleep apnea, and other conditions affect women. 

Unfortunately, we still have a society where women are expected to not only do more work around the home, but studies shown that women also more work when they’re at work. Putting in longer hours of work, whether they’re paid or not, can reduce the opportunity to sleep. Doing more work often leads to less time to sleep. And women are vulnerable to the same lifestyle factors that affect all genders: alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine, for example, can all sabotage sleep and should be avoided close to bed. In fact, to get high-quality sleep, avoid caffeine after noon.