For a study published in Headache, Dawn C. Buse, PhD, and colleagues sought to better elucidate the association of sleep apnea and sleep quality with episodic and chronic migraine, reports Physician’s Weekly.

“All people with migraine, particularly those with sleep disturbances, could benefit from being educated about behavioral sleep regulation and healthy sleep hygiene,” says Dr. Buse. “Patients with migraine who screen positive for sleep apnea should be referred for additional evaluation and possible treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), when appropriate. These efforts should include supportive education to ensure adequate adherence to CPAP treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy should be considered for patients with insomnia.”